SPECIFIC POPULATION GROUPS

WOMEN CAPABLE OF BEING PREGNANT
Choose foods such as meat, poultry, and seafood that supply heme iron, which is more readily absorbed by the body. Also choose additional iron sources, and enhancers of iron absorption such as vitamin C-rich foods. Consume 400 micrograms per day of synthetic folic acid (from fortified foods and/or supplements) in addition to food forms of folate from a varied diet.


WOMEN WHO ARE PREGNANT OR BREASTFEEDING
Consume 8 to 12 ounces of seafood per week from a variety of seafood types. Due to their high methyl mercury content, limit white (albacore) tuna to 6 ounces per week and do not eat the following four types of fish: tilefish, shark, swordfish, and king mackerel. If pregnant, take an iron supplement and a folic acid supplement, as recommended by an obstetrician or other health care provider.


INDIVIDUALS AGES 50 YEARS AND OLDER
Consume foods fortified with vitamin B12, such as fortified cereals, or take dietary supplements. People who are age 51 and older need to reduce sodium to 1500 mg a day.


INDIVIDUALS AGES 71 YEARS AND OLDER
Vitamin D recommendations for people ages 71 and older are higher than for other age groups. Individuals in this group should consume 800 IU (20 micrograms) of vitamin D a day. Check with your health care provider for more information about your vitamin D needs.


AFRICAN AMERICANS
Need to reduce sodium to 1500 mg a day.
(Quoted 40)

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