Copyright © Zapzat. All rights reserved.



1. Sofi F, Cesari F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A
(2008)."Adherence to Mediterranean diet and health status:
meta-analysis". BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 337 (sep11 2):
a1344. doi:10.1136/bmj.a1344
2. Keys, A., Menotti, A., Karvonen, M.J., et al.
(December 1986). «The diet and 15-year death rate in the
seven countries study,» Am. J. Epidemiol. 124 (6): 903–15.
3. Covas, M.I., (March 2007). “Olive oil and the
cardiovascular system”. Pharmacol. Res. 55 (3): 175–86.
4. "Get your Meds: the Mediterranean Diet and Health",
Ellen Gooch, Epikouria Magazine, Fall 2005
5. Ng, Tb; Wong,Fang (1). "Defensins and other
biocidal proteins from bean seeds with medicinal
activities.". Current Medical Chemistry 18 (36):
5454. doi:10.1037/a0026582
6 American Medical Student Association: University of
Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Glycemic Index.
7 NIH, Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure
with DASH,
8 Carpenter, Griggs, Loscalzo. Andreoli, Counihan.
Cecil Essentials of Medicine –Fifth Edition. Philadelpia, PA:
W.B. Saunders Company, 2001. pgs. 942-952.
8B Ibid, Desch, Griggs, pgs. 485-512.
8C Ibid. Barnett, Braunstein, pgs. 583-604.
8D Ibid. Chatoth, Barri, Shah, pgs. 223-252.
8E Ibid. Slovis, Brigham, pgs. 210-211.
11 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
12 O’Sullivan, Schmitz. Physical Rehabilitation:
Assessment and Treatment. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis
Company, 2001. pgs. 519-581.
13 Dixon,
14 Link Between Obesity and Enhanced Cancer Risk
Elucidated, University of California, San Diego: 560371/
15 The American Cancer Society,
16 The American Cancer Society, cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/obesity
18. Scheve, Tom. What are endorphins?
19. University of Bonn. "Runners' High Demonstrated:
Brain Imaging Shows Release Of Endorphins In Brain."
ScienceDaily. Mar. 6, 2008. (June 5,
20. Dalayeun, JF; et al. "Physiology of beta-endorphins.
A close-up view and a review of the literature." Biomedicine
& Pharmacotherapy. 1993, Vol. 47, issue
21. Stoppler, Melissa Conrad, MD. "Endorphins:
Natural Pain and Stress Fighters." March 15, 2007. (June 1,
23. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S.
National Library of Medicine,
24. Mediterranean diet and Alzheimer disease mortality
- Scarmeas et al. 69 (11): 1084. Neurology. 2006-11-
21.doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000277320.50685.7c. Retrieved
25. Sanchez-Villegas, A.; Delgado-Rodriguez, M.,
Alonso, A., Schlatter, J., Lahortiga, F., Serra Majem, L.,
Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A. (2009). "Association of the
Mediterranean Dietary Pattern With the Incidence of
Depression: The Seguimiento Universidad de
Navarra/University of Navarra Follow-up (SUN)
Cohort". Arch Gen Psychiatry 66 (10): 1090–1098.
26. The Traditional Mediterranean Diet Protects Against
Diabetes Newswise, Retrieved on July 2, 2008.
27. Shai I, Schwarzfuchs D, Henkin Y, Shahar DR,
Witkow S, Greenberg I, Golan R, Fraser D, Bolotin A, Vardi
H, Tangi-Rozental O, Zuk-Ramot R, Sarusi B, Brickner D,
Schwartz Z, Sheiner E, Marko R, Katorza E, Thiery J, Fiedler
GM, Blüher M, Stumvoll M, Stampfer MJ; Dietary
Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial (DIRECT) Group.
(July 17, 2008). "Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate,
Mediterranean, or low-fat diet.". N Engl J Med 359 (3): 229–
28. Sachiko T. St. Jeor, RD, PhD; Barbara V. Howard,
PhD; T. Elaine Prewitt, RD, DrPH; Vicki Bovee, RD, MS;
Terry Bazzarre, PhD; Robert H. Eckel, MD;, Dietary Protein
and Weight Reduction: A Statement for Healthcare
Professionals From the Nutrition Committee of the Council
on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the
American Heart Association, American Heart Association,
29. The American Kidney Fund: American Kidney Fund
Warns About Impact of High-Protein Diets on Kidney
Health: 25 April 2002.
30. Your Guide to a Healthy Heart, U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services, December 2005.
31. Eades, M. (1995) The Protein Power Lifeplan,
Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-67867-8
32. Kang, Hoon Chul; Chung, Da Eun; Kim, Dong
Wook; Kim, Heung Dong (2004). "Early- and Late-onset
Complications of the Ketogenic Diet for Intractable
Epilepsy". Epilepsia 45 (9): 1116–23.
33. Lindeberg, Staffan (June 2005). "Palaeolithic diet
('stone age' diet)". Scandinavian Journal of Food &
Nutrition 49 (2): 75–7.
34. Piperno, D; Weiss, E., Hols, I., Nadel, D
(2004)."Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper
Paleolithic revealed by starch grain
analysis". Nature 430 (7000): 670–673.
35. Revedin, Anna; Aranguren, B; Becattini, R; Longo,
L; Marconi, E; Lippi, MM; Skakun, N; Sinitsyn, A et al.
(2010)."Thirty thousand-year-old evidence of plant food
processing". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107 (44): 18815–9.
36. Milton, Katharine (2002). "Hunter-gatherer diets:
wild foods signal relief from diseases of affluence (PDF)". In
Ungar, Peter S. & Teaford, Mark F. Human Diet: Its Origins
and Evolution. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey. pp. 111–
22. ISBN 0-89789-736-6.
37. Cordain L, Miller JB, Eaton SB, Mann N, Holt SH,
Speth JD (1 March 2000). "Plant-animal subsistence ratios
and macronutrient energy estimations in worldwide huntergatherer
diets". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
71 (3): 682–92.
38. 10 Weight Loss Statistics, 2013, Adam Weisgerber,
39. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention
and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition and Physical
Activity. Promoting physical activity: a guide for community
action. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1999.
40. USDA,
42. All human anatomy diagrams in this book are from
Gray’s Anatomy, 1918.
43. The Diet Detective: Hydration Basics, Platkin, 2013,
__Hydration_basics.htm; & Thirst
45. Cohen, S., 2007. "Psychological Stress and
Disease". American Medical Association 298 (14):1685–
46. Holmes TH, Rahe RH (1967). "The Social
Readjustment Rating Scale". J Psychosom Res 11 (2): 213–8.
030900puathletesarepeopletoo.htm, Samaras TT.
Impact of height and weight on life span. Bull World Health
Organ. 1992;70(2):259-67
51. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey
Data. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services, 2011
52. Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention,
53. 10 Weight Loss Statistics, Adam Weisgerber,
54. Crowe, F. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,
published online Jan. 30, 2013.
55. Psychology, 8th edition, David Myers.
56. Adapted from Clinical Guidelines on the
Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and
Obesity in Adults: The Evidence Report.
57. Allen, James. As A Man Thinketh. Salt Lake City:
58. Taken from a Radio Show
59. American College of Sports Medicine:
60. Lijesen GK, Theeuwen I, Assendelft WJ, Van Der
Wal G (September 1995). "The effect of human chorionic
gonadotropin (HCG) in the treatment of obesity by means of
the Simeons therapy: a criteria-based meta-analysis". Br J
Clin Pharmacol 40 (3): 237–43.
American Society of Bariatric Physicians, position statement
on HCG diet.
61. Mendez MF (1995). "The neuropsychiatric aspects
of boxing". International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
25 (3): 249–62.
62.Cantu RC (2007). "Chronic traumatic
encephalopathy in the National Football League".
Neurosurgery 61 (2): 223–5.
64. Hayes, GW. “Injuries Arising From Aerobic Fitness
Classes.” Can Fam Physician. Aug 1985; 31: 1517-1518,
65. du Toit V, Smith R. “Survey of the effects of aerobic
dance on the lower extremity in aerobic instructors.” J Am
Podiatr Med Assoc. 2001 Nov-Dec;91(10):528-32.
66. Sacco DE1, Sartorelli DH, Vane DW. "Evaluation of
alpine skiing and snowboarding injury in a northeastern
state." J Trauma. 1998 Apr;44(4):654-9.
67. Ristolainen L1, Kettunen JA, Waller B, Heinonen A,
Kujala UM. “Training-related risk factors in the etiology of
overuse injuries in endurance sports.” J Sports Med Phys
Fitness. 2014 Feb;54(1):78-87.
68. Graves JM1, Iyer KR, Willis MM, Ebel BE, Rivara
FP, Vavilala MS. "Emergency department -reported injuries
associated with mechanical home exercise equipment in the
USA. Inj Prev. 2013 Sep 23. doi: 10.1136/
69. Silberman MR. Bicycling injuries. Curr Sports Med
Rep. 2013 Sep-Oct;12(5):337-45.
70. Knapik JJ1, Spiess A, Swedler D, Grier T, Hauret
K, Yoder J, Jones BH. Retrospective examination of injuries
and physical fitness during Federal Bureau of Investigation
new agent training. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2011 Oct 9;6:26.
doi: 10.1186/1745-6673-6-26.
71. Powell C. Injuries and medical conditions among
kayakers paddling in the sea environment.
Wilderness Environ Med. 2009 Winter;20(4):327-34.
72. Leonard H. VanGelder, BS, ATC, CSCS,1,2
Barbara J. Hoogenboom, PT, EdD, SCS, ATC,1 and Daniel
Phys Ther. Aug 2013; 8(4): 482–516.
73. Alizadehkhaiyat O1, Fisher AC, Kemp GJ,
Vishwanathan K, Frostick SP. Assessment of functional
recovery in tennis elbow. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2009
74. Grapton X1, Lion A, Gauchard GC, Barrault D,
Perrin PP. Specific injuries induced by the practice of
trampoline, tumbling and acrobatic gymnastics. Knee Surg
Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013 Feb;21(2):494-9.
75. Pieter W1, Fife GP, O'Sullivan DM. Competition
injuries in taekwondo: a literature review and suggestions
for prevention and surveillance. Br J Sports Med. 2012
76. Havrda JB. Imaging of farm-related injuries. Radiol
Technol. 2013 Nov-Dec;85(2):163-83.
77. Peter Kim, BSc, DC, FCCS(C), Jill A Hayden, BSc,
DC and Silvano A Mior, DC, FCCS(C) The costeffectiveness
of a back education program for firefighters: a
case study. J Can Chiropr Assoc. Mar 2004; 48(1): 13–19.
78. Young-Afat DA1, Dayicioglu D, Oeltjen JC, Garrison
AP. Fishing-injury-related flexor tenosynovitis of the hand:
a case report and review. Case Rep Orthop.
2013;2013:587176. Epub 2013 Jan 15.
79. Boulware DR. Backpacking-induced paresthesias.
Wilderness Environ Med. 2003 Fall;14(3):161-6.
80. Peek-Asa C1, McArthur DL, Kraus JF. Incidence of
acute low-back injury among older workers in a cohort of
material handlers. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2004
81. Bixby-Hammett D1, Brooks WH. Common injuries
in horseback riding. A review. Sports Med. 1990
82. Salwe K1, Kumar S, Hood J. Nonfatal occupational
injury rates and musculoskeletal symptoms among
housekeeping employees of a hospital in Texas. J Environ
Public Health. 2011;2011:382510. Epub 2011 Jun 5.
83. Fayssoux RS1, Tally W, Sanfilippo JA, Stock G,
Ratliff JK, Anderson G, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Vaccaro
AR. Spinal injuries after falls from hunting tree stands. Spine
J. 2008 May-Jun;8(3):522-8. Epub 2007 Jan 30.
84. Eerkes K. Volleyball injuries. Curr Sports Med Rep.
2012 Sep-Oct;11(5):251-6.
85. Giffin CS. Wrestler's ear: pathophysiology and
treatment. Ann Plast Surg. 1992 Feb;28(2):131-9.
86. Kordi R1, Ziaee V, Rostami M, Wallace WA. Sports
injuries and health problems among wrestlers in Tehran. J
Pak Med Assoc. 2012 Mar;62(3):204-8.
87. Pal A, Srivastava N, Narain VS, Agrawal GG, Rani
M. Effect of yogic intervention on the autonomic nervous
system in the patients with coronary artery disease: a
randomized controlled trial. East Mediterr Health J. 2013
88. Wang YY, Chang HY, Lin CY. Systematic review of
yoga for depression and quality of sleep in the elderly. Hu Li
Za Zhi. 2014 Feb;61(1):85-92.
89. Siewe J1, Rudat J, Röllinghoff M, Schlegel UJ, Eysel
P, Michael JW. Injuries and overuse syndromes in
powerlifting. Int J Sports Med. 2011 Sep;32(9):703-11.
90. Rudzki SJ. Injuries in Australian Army recruits. Part
II: Location and cause of injuries seen in recruits. Mil Med.
1997 Jul;162(7):477-80.
91. Tucker AM. Common soccer injuries. Diagnosis,
treatment and rehabilitation. Sports Med. 1997
92. Watson DS1, Shields BJ, Smith GA. Trimming- and
pruning-related injuries in the United States, 1990 to 2007. J
Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Jan;72(1):257-62.
93. Petersen W1, Rau J, Hansen U, Zantop T, Stein V.
Mechanisms and prevention of windsurfing injuries.
Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2003 Sep;17(3):118-22.
94. Soh M1, Deam RK, Kluger R. 10,000 reasons to step
out--exercise patterns and pedometer evaluation of consultant
anaesthetists. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2006 Jun;34(3):347-52.
95. Duzgun I1, Baltaci G, Colakoglu F, Tunay VB, Ozer
D. The effects of jump-rope training on shoulder isokinetic
strength in adolescent volleyball players. J Sport Rehabil. 2010
96. Steinmetz A1, Möller H, Seidel W, Rigotti T. Playingrelated
musculoskeletal disorders in music studentsassociated
musculoskeletal signs. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med.
2012 Dec;48(4):625-33.
97. Namni Goel, Ph.D., Hengyi Rao, Ph.D., Jeffrey S.
Durmer, M.D., Ph.D., and David F. Dinges, Ph.D.
Neurocognitive Consequences of Sleep Deprivation. Semin
Neurol. Sep 2009; 29(4): 320–339.
98. Knight WE, Rickard PhD NS. Relaxing music prevents
stress-induced increases in subjective anxiety, systolic blood
pressure, and heart rate in healthy males and females. J Music
Ther. 2001 Winter;38(4):254-72.
99. Oliver J. Robinson,* Katherine Vytal, Brian R.
Cornwell, and Christian Grillon. The impact of anxiety upon
cognition: perspectives from human threat of shock studies.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7: 203.
100. Pipes TV. Physiological responses of fire fighting
recruits to high intensity training. J Occup Med. 1977
101. Wells C, Kolt GS, Marshall P, Bialocerkowski A.
Indications, benefits, and risks of Pilates exercise for people
with chronic low back pain: a Delphi survey of Pilates-trained
physical therapists. Phys Ther. 2014 Jun;94(6):806-17.
102. Makaruk H, Czaplicki A, Sacewicz T, Sadowski J. The
effects of single versus repeated plyometrics on landing
biomechanics and jumping performance in men. Biol Sport.
2014 Mar;31(1):9-14.
103. Ashrafinia F, Mirmohammadali M, Rajabi H,
Kazemnejad A, Sadeghniiathaghighi K, Amelvalizadeh M,
Chen H. The effects of Pilates exercise on sleep quality in
postpartum women. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2014 Apr;18(2):190-9.
104. Alex K. Folkl. Characterizing the Consequences of
Chronic Climbing-Related Injury in Sport Climbers and
Boulderers. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine Volume
24, Issue 2 , Pages 153-158, June 2013.
105. J. Scott Osberg, PhD; Sue E. Schneps, MA; Carla Di
Scala, PhD; Guohua Li, MD DrPH. More Dangerous Than
Roller Skating or In-line Skating. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med.
106. Andrew T. Nathanson, MD, Janette Baird, PhD,
Michael Mello, MD, MPH. Sailing Injury and Illness: Results
of an Online Survey. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Volume 21, Issue 4 , Pages 291-297, December 2010.
107. Knoop J, van der Leeden M, Roorda LD, Thorstensson
CA, van der Esch M, Peter WF, de Rooij M, Lems WF, Dekker
J, Steultjens MP. Knee joint stabilization therapy in patients
with osteoarthritis of the knee and knee instability: Subgroup
analyses in a randomized, controlled trial. J Rehabil Med. 2014
108. Van Straaten M, Cloud BA, Morrow MM, Ludewig
PM, Zhao KD. Effectiveness of Home-exercise on Pain,
Function and Strength of Manual Wheelchair Users with
Spinal Cord Injury: A High Dose Shoulder Program with Telerehabilitation.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 May 30.
109. Paul Bruno. The use of “stabilization exercises” to
affect neuromuscular control in the lumbopelvic region: a
narrative review. J Can Chiropr Assoc. Jun 2014; 58(2): 119–
110. Gabriela Chueiri de Moraes, Ana Tereza Bittencourt
Guimarães, and Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes. Analysis of
injuries' prevalence in surfers from Paraná seacoast. Acta
Ortop Bras. 2013 Jul-Aug; 21(4): 213–218.
111. Bales J, Bales K. Swimming overuse injuries associated
with triathlon training. Sports Med Arthrosc. 2012
112. Gurjeet S. Birdee, M.D., M.P.H., Peter M. Wayne,
Ph.D., Roger B. Davis, Sc.D., Russell S. Phillips, M.D.,
andGloria Y. Yeh, M.D., M.P.H. T'ai Chi and Qigong for
Health: Patterns of Use in the United States. J Altern
Complement Med. Sep 2009; 15(9): 969–973.
113. Hostetler SG, Hostetler TL, Smith GA, Xiang H.
Characteristics of water skiing-related and wakeboardingrelated
injuries treated in emergency departments in the
United States, 2001-2003. Am J Sports Med. 2005